The connection between Humanity-Architecture and Nature has been always unbreakble and dependble. Unfurtuntly, the first part of this connection, Humanity, has caused and cuasing the third part of it, Nature a great damage.
It is no secret that our planet is in danger due to global warming. The tempratrus are incresing, the weather become more and more radical and nature is changing- and losing many lifes and species.
But, there is a bright side – many people in our world want it to be healthy again. They find different way to make this dream happen. One of the main ways is Architecture – a topic that includes so many things and variants within it, eco-friendly architecture can help leading our world to a better future – for us and for the planet.
Few main topics related to sustainability:
Healthy building– Type of a building that provides and keeps its tenants health in many aspects – water quality, use of natural light, thermal comfort, noise protection etc.
In addition, there is the Psychological aspect – a house that provides a decent relationship with the nature around it, can cause the living inside it be more positive, determine and relaxed.
There are 3 Main pillars in the sustainability aspect:
Furthermore, we have developed tool to help us achieve our healthier future – for example, “The LCA” – Life Cycle Assessment – study the environmental impact of a product from its production to its dismantling. With the calculation of how much energy is invested in the production processes we be more aware of our impact on nature and get more clarity on this topic.
Another example is the “Passive house” – a term for energy efficiency in a building. The main aim is to reduce the its footprint. In details, this kind of house requires little energy for space heating and cooling. According to wikipedia, in 2008 the number of passive houses around the world was estimated from 15,000 to 20,000 structures. in 2016, there were approximately 60,00 buildings.
A style of architecture developed in the late 20th century by the architect Michael Reynolds. Earthships are designed to be passive houses made from natural materials. They are designed to stand the extreme temperatures of a desert, with maintaining 21°C. This type of houses can be a good ambassador of autonomous housing and sustainable living.